Pheromones are volatile chemical signals that are widely used for animal communication. When emitted by one individual, pheromones are then detected by other individuals from the same species, and affect their behaviour.
The message released targets other individuals but is also a reminder for the emitting animal.
Different body structures secrete pheromones (which are different from hormones), associated to different functions, such as social relationships, territorial marking pheromones, sexual pheromones, maternal appeasing pheromones or alarm pheromones.
Diagram of dog pheromone producing areas.
1. Facial Area. 2. Foot Pads. 3. Mammary region. 4. Perianal area. 5. Urogenital region
Pheromones are detected by a specific organ located in the palate (the vomeronasal organ, VNO) through a specific “pumping” behaviour (called “flehmen”) attracting the pheromones from the air into the VNO.
Video of how pheromones work on vomeronasal structure and its effect on the dog's brain.
In the VNO they activate some receptors, relaying information to the emotional brain, resulting into rapid behavioural and physiological change. These effects occur subconsciously, without any possible control by the target animal. The process is automatic and does not require any previous learning.
Adaptil is a chemical copy of the dog appeasing pheromone (D.A.P.) released by a mother dog from her mammary area after her puppies’ birth. It’s involved in the attachment process between the mother and her offspring. This pheromone is a comforting message providing a strong signal of security to puppies as they explore the world and face so many challenges.
See the above video of Professor Patrick Pageat explaining this first insight and how it led to the invention of Adaptil.
Adaptil has been proven to provide reassurance to puppies and dogs of all ages, helping them feel safe and secure when encountering new experiences, unknown environments and other stressful situations.
Adaptil diffused in the proximity of a dog mimics the natural dog appeasing pheromone, as a reassuring message. As a consequence, it helps prevent or control stress or fear-related behavioural signs.
Adaptil comes from the analysis of multiple samples from the natural secretion from dogs belonging to different breeds and different sex (male, female) and sexual status (entire, neutered or spayed).
Adaptil is the perfect copy of the native secretion identified to be common to all dogs. It has been tested in numerous trials and clinical conditions.